Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe - 1219 Words

Sometimes the circumstances in an individual’s life causes them to do the unexpected and the shocking. These events can affect how that person acts in society and everywhere they go. Most of the time, writers tend to write from their personal experiences, their childhood, and any other period of their life that caused a dramatic change and left a strong mark or memory. The author’s personal stories allows them to create new stories but express the same feelings within other characters. So, the psychological material will be presented indirectly through â€Å"symbolism, condensation, and displacement.† Literary works written in a psychological perspective are based on the author’s childhood traumas and family life. The Freudian approach in the psychological perspective usually highlights the influences of a character’s id, superego, and ego. Hence, Edgar Allan Poe’s,â€Å" The Cask of Amontillado† is based on a psychological perspective . Montresor senses bitterness towards Fortunato because Fortunato had insulted Montresor. Likewise, Poe’s foster father doubted and in a way insulted Poe’s writing abilities which caused Poe to seek revenge. Moving on, Poe seeked revenge by continuing to write and publish literary works which was against his foster father’s will. Therefore, â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† portrays the psychological perspective since the reader is able to understand and relate the author’s work to the author’s childhood trauma and family life. To begin with, the attitudesShow MoreRelatedThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe888 Words   |  4 PagesThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe In ?The Cask of Amontillado?, Edgar Allan Poe takes us on a trip into the mind of a mad man. Poe uses certain elements to convey an emotional impact. He utilizes irony, descriptive detail of setting, and dark character traits to create the search of sinful deceit. Poe also uses first person, where the narrator is the protagonist who is deeply involved. The purpose is to get the reader to no longer be the observer. He wants them to see with MontressorRead MoreThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe836 Words   |  3 Pagesqualities in the story. In the story many things are used as symbols such as the actual cask of amontillado, the trowel, the jester costume and the setting in which there is two in the story. Another literary technique used significantly in the story is irony. Irony is the expression of ones meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite. In the short story â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† Montresor a very troubled man who plans to seek revenge on another man named FortunatoRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe And The Cask Of Amontillado1384 Words   |  6 PagesWhat makes Edgar Allan Poe work unique? Other than being a strange individual, Poe has become a remarkable literature writer. The Raven, Annabel Lee, and The Cask of Amontillado are just a few of Poe’s work that staples the theme of gothic literature. This essay will allow you to see the gothic elements Edgar Allan Poe uses through his most common poems. Gothic literature has many elements which play into its definition. The actual definition is a style of writing that is characterized by elementsRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe906 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† was written in 1846, by Edgar Allan Poe. Born in 1809, Poe never knew any of his parents. At the age of three, his mother died of tuberculosis, and his father deserted the family before he was born. Taking care of him was his foster parents in Richmond, Virginia. They loved Poe, but were not supportive of his decisions and kept Poe poor. Having debt and not being able to provide food and clothes for himself caused Poe to quit school. Later, heRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe920 Words   |  4 Pageswhen that trust no longer exists? In â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† written by Edgar Allan Poe, Fortunato is about to find the answer to this question. On the surface, Montresor seems friendly with Fortunato, but deep down he feels nothing but hate for him. Could this hatred have an irrationality that only Montresor understands? In different ways, both of these men are proud and affluent, yet both have downfalls that will l ead to a tragic ending. Edgar Allan Poe’s use of language contributes to the understandingRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1555 Words   |  7 PagesIn his writing, Edgar Allan Poe has multiple uses of direct and indirect characterization. In The Cask of Amontillado, Montresor had rules such as â€Å"I must not only punish but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong† (Poe, 2). Poe used indirect characterization to show the reader that Montresor is an unreliable narrator because he justified hisRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1303 Words   |  6 PagesIn Edgar Allan Poe’s â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† the narrator recalls an extremely significant time in his life, and takes the reader along with him. Throughout the story, one experiences a perfectly planned murder which took place over fifty years ago, and still no one has discovered what truly happened to poor Fortunato as he was chained to a wall in a room that was then closed off, and torched to death due to all the nitre in the walls. As the story goes on, the reader can see some of Poe’s unfortunateRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1076 Words   |  5 PagesThe short story, The Cask of Amontillado, written by Edgar Allan Poe is a story of terror and betrayal. Like many of Poe’s literary works, the story has a dark undertone with a theme of terror and depression. More than half a century ago, Marshall McLuhan argued that though Poe was fascinated by evil, the evil that he had in mind was not that of Calvinism, but that of the split man and the split civilization. In general, McLuhan was right, but in this instance Calvinism, and its God, provided a darkRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe707 Words   |  3 PagesIn the short story of The Ca sk of Amontillado, Edgar Allan Poe writes in first person point of view from the perspective of Montresor who seeks revenge against Fortunato. Montresor began to develop the perfect plan for revenge. During the carnival season, Montresor meets with Fortunato and decides to implement his plan carefully through irony. Poe s story describes the murderer s mind which has lived as a memory of Fortunato s death for fifty years. Poe uses different types of irony and symbolismRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe985 Words   |  4 PagesEdgar Allen Poe is a well known author of short stories and poetry from the 19th century. He is known especially for his stories of horror and suspense. The Cask of Amontillado is one of his more famous pieces. The story follows the narrator, Montresor, as he exacts revenge on Fortunato. Montressor draws Fortunato into the wine cellar where eventually he chains Fortunato to the wall and encloses him inside it. Throughout the story the narrator continually proves that he is not the most reliable source

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Children s Play Of Children - 1320 Words

Children’s play belongs to children. Article 31 from (United Nation-1986) describes that every child has right to make free choice to play and Activities that could be physical, imaginary, social, creativity are lead by a child, an adult can assist a child but cannot force. Every child engages in play and other cultural, entertaining and art activities take part in age appropriate. In early childhood, program should be designed by educator on individual child’s interest and needs where every child makes own decisions to play such as a girl can play in construction area or boy can play with dolls. Children learn through play and transfer their knowledge one to anther (EYLF). CRC has four principal to support child’s right to play which are- non discrimination, survival and development, the best interests of the child, and participation. Values of play are listed below:- Brain develops in its infancy through play and shapes the structure of the brain. Children take part actively to explore their surroundings that support them in building and strengthening brain pathways through secure attachment and encouragement. Play develops brain for flexibility and improvement potential for learning later in life (Lester Russell, 2008, p. 9). Quality play experiences help children to well develop their memory skills, language skills, regulate behavior, academic learning (Bodrova Leong, 2005). Put mirror in the baby’s room at their level babies begin to an increase their sense ofShow MoreRelatedThe Effect Of Symbolic Play On Children s Cognitive Development Of Children754 Words   |  4 PagesThe social element of symbolic play is a vital aspect to be taken into account in the cognitive development of children. Vygotsky (1978) theorised that children learn and practice social skills with their parents, and they develop this learning through social interactions. Piaget also emphasised the significance of social interaction so the child can progress outside of their egocentrism that is linked to the pre operational stage. (London, 2001) Similansky 1968 also supported Piaget theory, andRead MoreThe Effects Of Indoor Play On Children s Outdoor Play1150 Words   |  5 Pagesoutdoor play [reference? This is a blanket statement that needs to changed or referenced. You need evidence]. Some [factors] that affect outdoor play include risks [such as?], parental concerns about outdoor play and not having adequate play space available for children. Risk is equal to a combination of events/consequences and associated uncertainties (Aven, 2007). Risk in play refers to any possibility of physical injury during play. Early childhood settings usually use the term â€Å"risky play† whichRead MoreOutdoor Environments And Risks Of Children s Outdoor Play1137 Words   |  5 Pagesoutdoor play. Some of the con straints that affect outdoor play are risks, parents concerns about outdoor play and not enough play space available for children. Risk is equal to a combination of events/consequences and associated uncertainties (Aven, 2007). Risk in play refers to any possibility of physical injury during play. Early childhood settings usually use the term â€Å"risky play† which can be defined as a thrilling and exciting activity that involves a risk of physical injury and play that providesRead MoreImportance Of Block Play Areas On Children s Learning1871 Words   |  8 PagesBlock play areas are important to children’s learning in different ways, because it gives children the opportunity to develop in their developmental domains, such as social, physical, intellectual, creativity, and emotional. When children are playing in the block play area they are able to be mighty learners that are strong, capable, and resourceful. As they are being mighty learners they will display dispos itions to learn and holistic play-based goals within their block play. In block play areasRead MoreVideo Sequence : Exploring The Forest Kindergarten And Children s Play803 Words   |  4 PagesVideo Sequence: Exploring the Forest Kindergarten and Children’s Play Rationale Early childhood education is pivotal for children development (Berk, 2013). In order to meet the students need, early childhood centers offer alternative education environment. Some of early childhood centers fully adapt technology and offer all the benefits of technology, others provide nature-based approach to students in their backyard or like forest kindergartens they offer schooling inside of a forest. The forestRead MoreBenefits Of Outdoor Play On Children s Health, Learning And Development1964 Words   |  8 Pagesbenefits of outdoor play on children’s health, learning and development. Children need to have that outside play time to explore the environment, develop co-ordination, gain self-confidence, strengthen their muscles and challenge themselves and their bodies with different outdoor activities and equipment. Playing outside is a form of exercise even if they don’t see it that way. It encourages them to be active so in the long term they remain healthy. Outdoor play gives children the chance to burn offRead MoreWhat Roles Do Nature And Nurture Play On Children s Language Development?1054 Words   |  5 PagesWhat roles do nature and nurture play in children’s language development? From a baby s first word to their first complete sentence, there s a lot to debate with their language development. The average child has a vocabulary of up to six-thousand words by the time they turn five years old (Brighthubcom, 2016). Language development is one of the most critical roles for an educator in both early childhood and primary settings. It is this ability of language development that is particularly interestingRead MoreHow Does Not Play A Good Role On Children s Physical Development?925 Words   |  4 Pages(Mahshid, Noori, and Merchant 3). Another major obstacle to a healthier lifestyle is physical inactivity of children today. Some research reports show that many parents would rather have their children inside the house watching television or playing video games instead of being outside. While parents are completing their chores, the little ones are under their supervision. However, it does not play a good role in children’s physical development. The authors suggested another trend where overweight parentsRead MoreHow An Empowering Environment Helps Promote All Children s Play And Learning1679 Words   |  7 Pageshelps to promote all children’s play and learning. It is important that every setting creates an enabling environment in the indoor classroom and the outside area for the children to learn and play in. â€Å"The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning.† An enabling environment provides babies, children and young people with the freedom to play. This is because the children feel comfortable and relaxed. When babies, children and young people feel comfortableRead MoreThe Importance Of Play For Early Childhood Education Programs1699 Words   |  7 PagesGDTCS 101 PLAY AND PEDAGOGY GDTCS 101 PLAY AND PEDAGOGY GDTCS 101 PLAY AND PEDAGOGY Assessment 2 Respond to scenarios that examine?the relevance of the main discourses of play for early childhood education programs This essay introduces the definition of play, its importance in early years. It also makes us understand the different contributions made by theorists in enhancing our understanding the value of play. It also examines the implications of play on children and early childhood services

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Death of a Salesman Essay Outline Free Essays

Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller (1915-2005) Explore the ways in which Miller constructs the identity of Willy Loman and what is suggested by his interactions with his work and his wife in this extract. Thesis Statement:In the passage, Miller criticises society for being stifling and breaking down youths once full of passion into meek workers resigned to their fate. To convey this, Miller uses Loman, an exaggerated version of what the population is going through. We will write a custom essay sample on Death of a Salesman Essay Outline or any similar topic only for you Order Now They are battered from exhaustion, too accommodating as they are afraid of change and also mentally crushed. Topic Sentence 1Miller constructs the identity of Willy Loman as one that largely comprises of him being â€Å"the Salesman†. The entire dialogue in the passage was dedicated to work, although they were placed in a homely setting, showing that it is hard to separate the private self with the public working self. Evidence from passage: The identity â€Å"the Salesman† is one that identifies Loman the most accurately. The title, â€Å"death of a salesman†, also shows that the identity of being a salesman triumphs over all his other identities and even his name. He is also depicted to be living a very rigid, robot-like life. Evidence from passage: Each action is stated clearly in a mechanical manner. â€Å"He closes the door† â€Å"then carries his cases out into the living room† or â€Å"unlocks the door† â€Å"comes into the kitchen† â€Å"thankfully lets his burden down† â€Å"feeling the soreness of his palm† Topic Sentence 2Loman is also seen to be, after 60 years of his life in this stifling capitalism system, resigned to his fate. He is beaten down and is dubious of new prospects as he is much too comfortable and familiar to his current life. Evidence from passage:â€Å"You’re too accommodating, dear. â€Å"I couldn’t make it† â€Å"his massive dreams and little cruelties, served her only as sharp reminders of the turbulent longings within him, longings which she shares but lacks the temperament to utter and follow to their end. This inability to change his life in real life seems to manifest into wild imaginations, where he lives ou t his dreams. Evidence from passage: â€Å"But it’s so beautiful up there† Speaks of his dream-like imagination with wonder, although it was a dangerous situation. Topic Sentence 3Much like his name, â€Å"Willy†, Loman is seen to be much of a willy-nilly and seems disordered and haphazard. Miller constructs this through the use of the Loman’s erratic dialogue with his wife. The constant repetition of phrases and restating his points Evidence from passage: â€Å"I couldn’t make it. I just couldn’t make it, Linda†, â€Å"I stopped for a cup of coffee. Maybe it was the coffee. † Conclusion:Loman criticises society for breaking down a man, stripping him of his individual identity as a person and giving him the identity of a worker. This life manages to drive Willy to slight insanity, and self-doubt so serious that he is unable to provoke any change in his life. How to cite Death of a Salesman Essay Outline, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Dopest legality free essay sample

3. Analyze the policies of three European colonial powers regarding Africa between 1871 and 1914. Between 1871 and 1914, Britain had planned to create a huge British empire, Belgium felt that it needed to use brutal force, and France had 4. How and in what ways did the writings of Karl Marx draw on the Enlightenment concepts of progress, natural law and reason? 5. Describe the steps taken between 1832 and 1918 to extend suffrage in England. What groups and movements contributed to the extension of the vote? 6. Discuss the ways in which European Jews were affected by and responded to liberalism, nationalism and anti-Semitism in the 19th century. 7. Analyze the differences between the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1450–1750 and the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1850–1914. We will write a custom essay sample on Dopest legality or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 8. Analyze the differences between the impact of Newtonian physics on European culture and the impact of Darwinian biology on European culture. 9. Analyze how industrialization and imperialism contributed to the development of consumer culture in the period 1850–1914. 10. Analyze the impact of science and technology on European society in the period from 1800 to 1900. 11. Analyze artistic and literary responses to industrialization over the course of the nineteenth century. 3. Analyze the policies of three European colonial powers regarding Africa between 1871 and 1914. Between 1871 and 1914, Britain had planned to create a huge British empire, Belgium felt that it needed to use brutal force, and France had 4. How and in what ways did the writings of Karl Marx draw on the Enlightenment concepts of progress, natural law and reason? 5. Describe the steps taken between 1832 and 1918 to extend suffrage in England. What groups and movements contributed to the extension of the vote? 6. Discuss the ways in which European Jews were affected by and responded to liberalism, nationalism and anti-Semitism in the 19th century. 7. Analyze the differences between the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1450–1750 and the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1850–1914. 8. Analyze the differences between the impact of Newtonian physics on European culture and the impact of Darwinian biology on European culture. 9. Analyze how industrialization and imperialism contributed to the development of consumer culture in the period 1850–1914. 10. Analyze the impact of science and technology on European society in the period from 1800 to 1900. 11. Analyze artistic and literary responses to industrialization over the course of the nineteenth century. 3. Analyze the policies of three European colonial powers regarding Africa between 1871 and 1914. Between 1871 and 1914, Britain had planned to create a huge British empire, Belgium felt that it needed to use brutal force, and France had 4. How and in what ways did the writings of Karl Marx draw on the Enlightenment concepts of progress, natural law and reason? 5. Describe the steps taken between 1832 and 1918 to extend suffrage in England. What groups and movements contributed to the extension of the vote? 6. Discuss the ways in which European Jews were affected by and responded to liberalism, nationalism and anti-Semitism in the 19th century. 7. Analyze the differences between the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1450–1750 and the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1850–1914. 8. Analyze the differences between the impact of Newtonian physics on European culture and the impact of Darwinian biology on European culture. 9. Analyze how industrialization and imperialism contributed to the development of consumer culture in the period 1850–1914. 10. Analyze the impact of science and technology on European society in the period from 1800 to 1900. 11. Analyze artistic and literary responses to industrialization over the course of the nineteenth century. 3. Analyze the policies of three European colonial powers regarding Africa between 1871 and 1914. Between 1871 and 1914, Britain had planned to create a huge British empire, Belgium felt that it needed to use brutal force, and France had 4. How and in what ways did the writings of Karl Marx draw on the Enlightenment concepts of progress, natural law and reason? 5. Describe the steps taken between 1832 and 1918 to extend suffrage in England. What groups and movements contributed to the extension of the vote? 6. Discuss the ways in which European Jews were affected by and responded to liberalism, nationalism and anti-Semitism in the 19th century. 7. Analyze the differences between the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1450–1750 and the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in the period 1850–1914. 8. Analyze the differences between the impact of Newtonian physics on European culture and the impact of Darwinian biology on European culture. 9. Analyze how industrialization and imperialism contributed to the development of consumer culture in the period 1850–1914. 10. Analyze the impact of science and technology on European society in the period from 1800 to 1900. 11. Analyze artistic and literary responses to industrialization over the course of the nineteenth century.

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Atajan Atabayev. Essays - Emotions, Anti-corporate Activism

Atajan Atabayev. Jessica Brown. English 1 A. 13 February 2017. Buy Yourself Less Stuff Summary. All Humans enjoy spending money and desire to purchase new stuff such as a car, home, phone which they think will fulfill their expectation and add their life a bit happiness. However, people have a problem to invest money for the things which will improve their quality of life and make their happiness long lasting. To prove that fact nearly forty years ago, Richard Einstein which is the economist at the University of Southern California, examined people's carnal desire and how can it affect their life after having things they expected to have in their life. After gathering opinions, Easterlin discovered the cause of the unhappiness and It was a desire to have more things from life people can acquire which make them blind and turn their life never ending loop. In the article, Dunleavy brings to types of consumption. First is conspicuous consumption which drives as to buy more useless stuff and another is Inconspicuous consumption which is buying less stuff and using your money to improve the quality of your life and enjoy your life. First, Author talks about conspicuous consumption which is the result of our unhappiness. People in this attitude wants more materialistic stuff than nonmaterialistic stuff. Hence, humans adapt all the worldly things around them so fast and after sometimes they want even more mundane stuff, new stuff and better stuff. It doesn't matter how much you earn after sometimes you started to think would like more than you are currently making at your job. As Author believe monetary cycle never ends and distract you from genuine happiness, because We can be happy without nothing, but our brain wants all the best things made in the World to compete with other people instead they don't want to have all that things. However, people want to show other people how much money they do have and how many things they can purchase On the other hand, Inconspicuous humans enjoy simple things around them which makes them happy and we don't have to spend more money instead simple things give us joy and make us connected to each other. Dunleavy explains we have to pay money for the experience, not for the stuff. For example, instead of living big house, it is better to live in the small house and use bunch amount of money to go travel or spend your time with your friends. If we spend less money, it means we have more free time than our wealthy neighbor whose working 80 hours afford expensive Tesla. Instead, we can spend such a time with our family and enjoy a. We can also learn different skills such as cooking, playing piano instead of sitting in the front of the computer to make extra 40 $ an hour to buy new watch end of the day. At the end of the day, experiences make us happy. Money is also a great tool if we know how to spend it right. We have to pay it to realize our dreams, to learn new skills, enjoy new countries with our loved ones instead of buying new stuff which can't give us long lasting happiness.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Earnest Hemingway Essays - Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Free Essays

Earnest Hemingway Essays - Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Free Essays Earnest Hemingway In A Clean Well-Lighted Place, Earnest Hemingway focuses on the pain of old age suffered by a man that we meet in a caf late one night. Through the use of dialogue, Hemingway creates three characters that symbolize the stages of life: birth, living, and death. Additionally, the tone of the story is created in three ways. First, he contrasts light and dark to show the difference between the difference between this man and the young people around him. Secondly, he uses the old mans deafness as an image of his separation from the rest of the world. Lastly, Hemingway uses the image of nada or nothing. Hemingways tone and choice of language leaves the reader feeling that they too cannot escape from the doldrums of the dead years of their own life. Through the language of dialogue, three characters emerge creating a symbolic illustration of the progression of life. The young waiter states, I have confidence, I am all confidence(258). He displays his eagerness to conquer the world. When we are young, we live for today, for ourselves, without regard for what the future may hold. Tomorrow is a dream; tomorrow is something left to the old. However, in all his confidence he lacks patience and understanding, which can only come with the experience of life. Because of this lack of experience, he is not capable of compassion for the old man You have youth confidence and a job the older waiter replies (258). The older waiter symbolizes the living stage of life. He is filled with despair, but not yet completely devoid of hope. He is uncertain of what the rest of his life may bring, but a modicum of hope still exists. The old waiter has the omniscient view of the three progressions of life. He has lived beyond his birth stage, is teetering in the living stage, and through the unfolding life of the old man, is painfully aware of the future. Is it fear of growing old, the loneliness, or despair, which delivers the old waiter into his dark, unclean world of nothing? His mockery of the Our Father is the cumulative answer to the question. He has lost his own meaning of life. When hope has waned, despair overwhelms and we see the transition from the living to the time of dying. The old man has journeyed through all the progressions of life. The old mans death wish is further played out through the metaphor of insomnia, an ailment that he apparently shares with the older waiter. Along with the development of three characters, Hemingway creates the overall tone of the story by first contrasting between light and dark. The most obvious image is the caf, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place. It is a refuge from the darkness of the night outside. Darkness is a symbol of fear and loneliness. The light symbolizes comfort and the company of others. There is hopelessness in the dark, while the light calms the nerves. Unfortunately for the old man, the light is an artificial one, and its peace is both temporary and incomplete. the tables were empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind(256). Possibly, the old man hides in the shadows of the leaves because he recognizes the shortcomings of his refuge. Perhaps he is drawn to the shadows so that the darkness of his own age will not be so visible. Unlike the young waiter who is not frighten by the darkness because of his companion that waits for him in the dark, the o ld man has lost his wife. Even his ears bring him a sort of darkness as they hold out the sounds of the world. The old mans deafness is also a powerful image that contributes to the tone of the story. the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he could feel the difference(256). Deafness ostracizes the old man form the rest of the world. In the day, everything must be a reminder to him of his disconnection from the world. In the caf so late at night he is

Thursday, February 20, 2020

American Gothic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

American Gothic - Essay Example American Gothic is a highly expressive painting which captures the spirit of an age. Depicting a Midwestern farmer and his daughter, the dour expressions of the faces of both father and daughter, their highly modest clothing and the conservatism which they exude, communicate the hardship of the times. Whether from the modesty of their clothing, the utter dourness of their expression or the plainness of the house in the background, the picture tells the story of an age. It is an age where people lived by their own labor and had to work long hours, leaving hardly any room for pleasurable pursuits, just to survive and make ends meet. Certainly, the picture does not tell a tale of poverty but it tells one of a life of work with no pleasure in order to satisfy the basic requirements of livelihood, decent clothing and shelter. The painting further provides readers with an understanding of male-female relations and roles during the age in question. In this picture, the farmer is pictured holding a large pitchfork and dominates the painting. His daughter is standing just behind him and while he is looking straight ahead, gazing at onlookers, her eyes are averted. The pitchfork is a symbol of the manual labor for which men were responsible and the fact that the daughter is standing behind the father is indicative of the subservient status of females. Added to that, the fact that the man is looking straight ahead and the daughter’s eyes are averted could be interpreted as evidencing the public role of men versus the private role of females. It is, thus, that the male figure is boldly looking at the painter and, hence, directly at us while the female figure is not.